Hostile Intruder or Shooter

In case of a hostile intruder or shooter:

• Take cover – if you can, take immediate shelter in a room with a lockable door.

• Use any concealment available.

• If communications are available, call 911.

• Do not sound the fire alarm. A fire alarm would signal the occupants
to evacuate the building and thus place them in potential harm as they
attempt to exit.

• Lock the windows and close blinds or curtains. Stay away from windows.
• Turn off lights and all audio equipment.

• Try to remain as calm as possible.

• Keep everyone together until the police arrive and give you directions.

• If you hear shots being fired, do not go out into a hallway or corridor
to investigate.

• Stay out of open areas and be as quiet as possible.

• If for some reason you are caught in an open area such as a hallway
or lounge, etc., you must decide what you are going to do. This is a
very crucial time and it can possibly mean life or death:

− You can try to hide, but make sure it is a well-hidden space or you
may be found as the intruder moves through the building or area
looking for victims.

− If you think you can safely make it out of the building or area by
running, then do so. If you decide to run, do not run in a straight
line, and attempt to keep objects such as desks, cabinets, fixtures,
etc., between you and the hostile intruder. When away from the
immediate area of danger, summon help any way you can and
warn others.

− If the intruder is causing death or serious physical injury to others
and you are unable to run or hide, you may choose to play dead if
other victims are around you.

− Your last option if you are caught in an open area in a building
may be to fight back. This is dangerous, but depending on your
situation, this could be your last option.

If you are taken hostage:

• Stay as calm as possible. Remember law enforcement’s first priority is
your safe, speedy release.

• Observe and remember as much detail about hostage takers as you
can. (Dress, physical descriptions, speech, mannerisms, etc.)

• Do not discuss what action the College or others may take to rescue you.

• Watch for any situation you can exploit to your advantage.

• Comply with your captor’s directions as best you can.

• Avoid provocative remarks. Hostage takers may react explosively
and violently.

• Physical resistance or direct challenges may cause your captors to
injure you or others.

• Do not physically resist or struggle with hostage takers unless you
believe you are in danger of losing your life otherwise.

• Escape attempts – do so only if you believe your life is in immediate
danger and you have carefully weighed your chances for success.

• Try to establish rapport with hostage takers – by becoming a person,
rather than an object to them, you increase your chances of getting out
of a situation safely.

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